Generally, the parents are responsible for the overweight of a child. It is they who determine what is consumed, both at home and outside it. The real reasons for carelessness are the consequence of some obsessions generated, either by ignorance or by the ignorance of parents. These issues cause children to consume more food than they truly need.
In most cases, the menu of an obese child ends up containing many fatty elements and sugars, both present in large proportions of meat, pre-cooked foods, sweets and cakes. Data also reveal that these same children do not ingest vegetables, vegetables, fruits, or fish.
In addition to all these factors, there is also the absence of a balanced breakfast . This stage of the day is ignored by the children, being this one of the main meals of the day, being directly linked to the regulation of weight .
The problem raised by obesity rarely occurs in families where parents pay attention and care about their children. Controlling what is offered in meals is extremely crucial when the goal is to prevent disease.
Causes of Childhood Obesity
Fatty Food Consumption
Children are currently consuming more and more fattened and conserved foods often served in fast-food chains. In addition, many parents make foods that are high in fat and this leaves the child eating greasy food every day and spoiling their child’s nutrition.
Lack of Physical Activity
With the technological advancement, children are increasingly at home in front of computers and video games. Often eat in front of the television damaging good food. The number of children playing in the streets or clubs is decreasing. This combination is dangerous for the growth of childhood obesity in Brazil.
Today, children are increasingly required at home or in schools. In some cases they have to demonstrate that they are best for achieving goals such as college entrance examination or passing a school subject. To channel so much concern, he can often use food as a shield and consequently become an obese teenager.
Children and adolescents also suffer from depression and food can become an escape route for this problem.
Hormonal problems can cause anxiety and consequently a lot of desire to eat leading to being overweight.
Often obesity is associated with the genetic factor of a family and in these cases it is very important to maintain a balanced diet.
Other Diseases in Children
Children and adolescents also suffer from eating disorders that can cause serious health problems for children. These illnesses are consequences of frail mental health and biological problems related to fear of gaining weight, anxiety, depression and low self-esteem.
Malnutrition is a very common disease among children who eat little of carbohydrates, vitamins, lipids and protein. Usually affects children under five years. It can cause diarrhea, apathy, peeling of the skin, edema and sadness.
It can also be caused by the body’s own difficulty in absorbing the nutrients needed by the human body. This disease usually targets low-income children from underdeveloped countries . Malnourished, they can not reach ideal weight, get sick more easily, are subject to reduced intellectual ability and may have impaired height. Above all, it is important to take the child to the doctor so that he indicates an appropriate treatment with the nutritionist.
Anemia is another illness that affects several children in the country and is caused by reduced red blood cells and hemoglobin. Hemoglobins are very important for the transport of oxygen from the lungs to organs and tissues. The main symptoms of anemia are: pallor, loss of appetite, lack of concentration, excessive sleep, sadness, despondency, among others.
It is often associated with a lack of iron in the body and anemia is also caused by a health problem, the use of some medicines and even genetic diseases . When anemia is caused by nutrient deficiency, it is related to lack of vitamin B12 intake, iron and folic acid.
The infant anemia is more common in premature infants, contaminated with worms, those in the growth phase and those with a poor diet nutrient. To increase the amount of iron you prefer foods like soy, ox liver, beet, beans and lentils, etc.
Often anemia is caused by deficiency in breastfeeding . The cow’s milk impairs the absorption of iron by the body and the sooner it is introduced into the diet, the greater the chances of the child becoming anemic.
Rickets is a disease that causes softening of bones in children because of vitamin D deficiency and calcium in the body. For the human body toabsorb calcium it needs a necessary amount of vitamin D and if this does not result in deformities in the bones. Rickets can also be caused by a problem associated with the X chromosome.
The children most likely to develop rickets are babies who are in the breastfeeding phase and who have not been exposed to sunlight or those whose mothers have also not been exposed to sunlight. The main symptoms of rickets are: bone pain, dental problems, growth problems, muscle weakness, reduced levels of calcium in the blood, muscle spasms, etc.
To treat it is necessary that the patient increases the consumption of calcium, vitamin D and phosphates. In addition, it must be exposed to sunlight to induce the production of vitamin D in the body.
Disease caused by lack of vitamin in a person’s body and often resulting from poor diet. It can target people who consume few nutrients such as iron, vitamins B, C, D, E, K, and A. Hypovitaminosis can be a determinant factor for a child’s growth and therefore food must be diverse and balanced.
The bulimia in children and adolescents affects those who are not satisfied with your own body. In this disease the person eats a lot for a short time to soon afterwards induce vomiting or take diuretics to eliminate the food. This process of eliminating food causes a sense of relief for the sick child and adolescent, but it is very important that parents be careful to take their child to a specialist if necessary.
The consequences of the disease are anxiety, lack of humor, vomiting after eating, exaggerated concern with appearance, sadness, among other symptoms. It is a serious disease that causes damage to tooth enamel, inflammation in the esophagus and other health problems like high blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes . In these cases seek medical and nutritional monitoring. If you identify any child with these symptoms talk to the parents or guardians.
Children and adolescents who suffer from anorexia have a different picture of what their body really is. That is, even though they are extremely thin they are overweight and refuse to eat in search of weight loss. The main symptoms of the disease are: anxiety, depression, excessive diets to lose weight, weight loss, reduced hunger, excessive physical exercise, among others.
Anorexia can cause serious health problems such as bone weakening, cardiac arrhythmia, damage to the brain, heart and kidneys, and reduced body temperature. Often it is necessary to hospitalize the patient so that he returns to eating in a healthy way and can gain weight and consequently get back to health. It is important to consult a doctor for psychological and nutritional treatment.