Dyslexia is a hereditary genetic disorder present in approximately 10% of the world population and may also be caused by the exacerbated production of testosterone by the mother during pregnancy.
Often mistaken for attention deficit, psychological problems, or even laziness; this disorder is characterized by the individual’s difficulty in decoding symbols, reading, writing, spelling, comprehending a text, recognizing phonemes, performing tasks related to motor coordination; and by the habit of changing, inverting, omitting, or adding letters / words when writing.
Dyslexic individuals have a more developed lateral-right brain area than people who do not have this syndrome, generally having, therefore, easier on issues related to creativity, problem solving, mechanics, and sports.
Taking into account the unpreparedness that many educational institutions have regarding the particularities of the students – often even creating and reinforcing stigmas – this behavior is responsible for a large part of the causes of school dropout. In addition, many cases of suicide and juvenile violence have been associated with the syndrome; These behaviors are often related to the emotional changes arising from their difficulties.
Diagnosis consists of analyzing the patient, usually by a multidisciplinary team (psychologist, speech therapist, psychologist, etc.), excluding other possible causes. Such an evaluation allows the monitoring to be done more effectively, since it takes into account their individual particularities.
The treatment, although it has no cure, assists the patient in its limitations, allowing a progressive improvement and thus avoiding serious problems related to self-esteem and socialization.